Write a 1250 word essay (excluding the bibliography) on ONE of the following:
1. ‘Although Goffmanesque sociology has proven seminal in the social study of stigma, it has been critiqued for offering a “personal tragedy” approach that is overly individualistic’. Discuss this statement, drawing from contemporary critical writings on stigma as a concept and empirical event.
2. What is distinctive about critical realism and how has it informed ethnographic research? Draw from at least one critical realist ethnography in your answer.
3. What is World-Systems Analysis and how does Wallerstein explain the dynamics of (unresolved) global crisis?