Once the patient is admitted to the hospital and is taken straight into the emergency room, the nurse will quickly have to do the following things to determine what they are ailing from (Świątoniowska et al., 2019):
Observation/Inspection: This is where the physician uses sight to check for any disparities in the person’s physical appearance. These include dry skin, irregular breathing, tiredness, sluggishness, or some form of body weakness (Kerl, 2001). The physician will use optical aids to inspect the patient’s vision. Chest movements and breathing patterns can be looked at during this assessment model to check for issues in breathing (Palk, 2019).
Palpation: It is a standard assessment mode in which the sense of touch is used to check for any inflammation on the body. Tenderness of skin can be seen as a symptom for individual diseases, and with palpation, it can be identified during an exam (Świątoniowska et al., 2019).
Percussion: In this kind of assessment, the sense of hearing is applied. The examiner will use their finger to tap parts of your body and listen for the sound produced. Depending on the music presented, the examiner can determine whether there is a build-up of fluid in your lungs by tapping your chest or whether there is a mass in your stomach by tapping your abdomen (Marcdante and Kliegman, 2015). This exercise will lead to a better further diagnosis.
Auscultation: Here the examiner using a stethoscope listens to your heart, lungs, and neck. They look for changes in breathing and also changes in heartbeat count or frequency (Jameson et al., 2005). It is a critical exam that states to explain the kind of peril at hand and the appropriate course of action. It is a handy tool in cases of unconsciousness where the patient is unable to speak.
If the nurse assesses the patient, and they are not a hundred percent sure that the patient is suffering from diabetes ketoacidosis, additional assessments might be done to confirm their suspicion. The estimates will be based on the patients’ current state