In Defrenne v. Sabena (1976) E.C.R. 455, the European Court of Justice noted that Article 119 (as it then was) had both an economic and a social justice objective. Critically analyse how the European Court of Justice has balanced these objectives.
Case-law Judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Union contribute to a body of caselaw, creating precedents to how future similar cases should be resolved (i.e. future legal interpretation and court cases should follow the argumentation and logic from previous case-law), at least until they are overridden by new case-law, new legislation or a treaty change (Court of Justice of the European Union 2014; Greer et al. 2014). Argumentation in a judgment may also establish new principles to legislative practice. Commission The European Commission is the body responsible for drafting European Union legislation and monitoring its implementation (European Union 2014). The Commission represents the interests of the union and in its work aims at promoting the competences under which the EU Member States have given it a mandate to work, such as internal market.