Democracy and social practice linked to education
Humanity is facing various challenges related to the environment, health and peace – which have, at the same time, impact on each other. It is not a task of institutional education to solve these challenges often linked to political problems; however, an institution of education can develop its activities to improve the world surrounding us. These activities are, nevertheless, limited and can only be evaluated through their educational meanings and educational criteria. First, democratic ideals are necessary to mention to properly understand the meaning of education of an individual (Johnston, 1991, p. 484).
Democracy has its own important place and has to be closely linked with concerns about the environment, health, justice and peace. Democracy can be explained in many ways, but among other things, it is often represented by a famous French motto “liberty, equality, and fraternity”. Since the 18th century, authors such as Hobbes, Locke, worked on these principles and discussed them from philosophical and political perspectives, as well as they paid attention to the link between education and democracy. A position of an individual in a democratic society lies in a web of opportunities, responsibilities, choices, and requirements as part of a community. Such position is defined as citizenship