This chapter evaluates extant literature on various thematic areas in the study. To ensure the different themes are covered comprehensively, the chapter has been structured into five sections. The first chapter expounds on global warming and the greenhouse effect, revealing its underlying causes and effects. In the second section, it approaches to mitigate global warming are discussed, whereby, strategic and technical solutions are reviewed. Challenges of mitigating global warming are further discussed. The third section discusses the role of renewable technology in mitigating the emission of greenhouse gases, their advantages, and challenges experienced in adopting them. In section four, related studies that expound on the use of renewable technology in the mitigation of emissions of greenhouse gases in the residential sector are reviewed.
2.2 Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect
In this section, a review of global warming and the greenhouse effect is examined. The overview sub-section examines how such a phenomenon arises and how human activity has affected it over the years. The second sub-section reviews the factors enhancing global warming while the third evaluate their effects on the environment and society.