negative-form monuments as another notion related to the post-WWII memorial practices in Germany. Negative-form means that memorial is absent or does not represent any touchable form. The example of such approach is Horst Hoheisel’s Aschrott in Kassel and Micha Ullman’s Bibliotek Memorial to the Nazi book-burning in Berlin. It can be seen as a branch of the counter-memorial approach due to its anti-monumental feature
Lastly, the term post-memory has to be clarified and used in order to understand the interrelation of contemporary art work’s creators to the notion of post-memory.
Why those new approaches in art and historians who write on Holocaust are common specifically for the generation of non-witnesses? For instance, if we talk about Young, he claims to be a post-memorial historian of the Holocaust, he was not an actual witness, but probably his parents are survivors of the Holocaust. Same counts for Eisenman – the artist of
Marianne Hirsch is the professor and writer in the field of memory studies, her most famous work is associated with the post-memory concept. This concept is used to elucidate the scholars in memory study field, to describe a memorial phenomenon. Hirsch describes post memorial practices as the product of cultural memory as well as national/political memory, which at the same time are trans-generational and they are generated through purely symbolic systems. Therefore, post memorials aim is to reactivate and reembody social/national and archival/cultural memory by the way of aesthetic expression