Fourthly, aside from the indirect effects of extreme weather, increased precipitation, and drought; global warming is also anticipated to adversely affect the health of both humans and wildlife (Sun et al., 2019). The researchers argue that an increase in global temperature to 2ºC is expected to result in significant heat stress and other health problems. In a separate study, Franchini and Mannucci (2015) add that in addition to heat stress, global warming is also likely to increase the spread of vector-borne infectious diseases as well as allergens. Likewise, the researchers argue that the cardiopulmonary and gastrointestinal tracts are also adversely affected by the changes of global warming. Nwoke et al. (2018) reiterated the findings, observing that with the extreme weather conditions such as heavier rainfall and prolonged droughts, there is a likelihood to increase the number of food-borne and water-borne illnesses. Flooding and famine are also expected to adversely affect human health as the animal vectors of various diseases are expected to shift with changing weather patterns.
In summary, climate change resulting from global warming is anticipated to lead to array of consequences that affect both the environment and wildlife as well as human welfare. With extreme weather patterns being experienced, development is touted to become unsustainable as livelihoods are destroyed. Therefore, mitigation approaches to global warming have been debated over the years as described in the next section.